When cancer begins in the cervix, it is known as cervical cancer. The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus. Also regarded as the womb, the uterus is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. The cervix joins the upper part of the uterus to the vagina (the birth canal).
All women are at risk for cervical cancer. It happens most often in women over age 30. Every year, the number of people with uterine cervix cancer are rising in India.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the primary cause of cervical cancer. HPV is a common virus that is transferred from one person to another during sex. At least half of sexually active people will have HPV at some point in their lives, but few women will get cervical cancer.